In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, the Upapandavas also known as Pandavaputras or Panchakumaras are the five sons born to Draupadi from each of the five Pandavas. They are Prativindhya, Shatanika, Sutasoma, Shrutasena and Shrutakarma. They fought the battle on the side of the Pandavas, but not much is said in the Mahabharata about the brothers except for fleeting mentions during the battle. However all five of them were killed by Ashwathama on the night of the last day of the war.
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As Duryodhana is dying, Krishna comes to him, and the two talk about the strategic mistakes Duryodhana had made. One of these was Duryodhana’s failure to recruit Vidura. Vidura’s brilliant mind would have been a huge boon to the Kaurava tactics, rivaling Krishna on the Pandavas’ side.
On the last night of the war after Duryodhana’s death and Kaurava defeat, Ashwathama gathered the only other surviving Kaurava warriors – Kritavarma and Kripacharya attacked the Pandava camp on the 18th night of the Kurukshetra war. He killed Dhrishtadyumna, Shikhandi, and many other prominent warriors of Pandava army while they were sleeping. Ashwatthama killed all the five Upapandavas during their sleep. In some versions of the story, he believes them to be the five Pandava brothers; in others, he purposefully attacks the Pandavas’ heirs in order to hurt the Pandavas emotionally.