Sumitra is the third consort and the queen of King Dasharatha of Ayodhya among his three wives. She is the mother of twins Lakshmana and Shatrughna. She came from the ancient Kingdom of Kashi. She is considered as the wisest amongst the wives of Dasaratha. She is said to be the one who encouraged Lakshmana to accompany Rama and serve him during his exile. Sumitra often helped Dashratha with his problems.
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Jambavana also known as Jambavanta is a character originating in Indian epic poetry, popularly found in Ramyana. The King of Bears, he is an asiastic or sloth bear in Indian epic tradition (though he is also described as a monkey in other scriptures), immortal to all but his father Brahma. Several times he is mentioned as Kapishreshtha (Foremost among the monkeys) and other epithets generally given to the Vanaras. He is known as Riksharaj (King of the Rikshas). Rikshas are earlier described as similar to Vanaras but in later versions of Ramayana Rikshas are described as bears. He was created by Brahma, to assist Rama in his struggle against Ravana. Jambavana was present at the churning of the ocean, and is supposed to have circled Vamana seven times when he was acquiring the three worlds from Mahabali.
The Ashtavakra Gita is written as a dialogue between the sage Ashtavakra and Janaka, king of Mithila and father of Sita. It is about nature of soul, reality and bondage. It insists on complete unreality of external world and absolute oneness of existence. It does not mention any morality or duties, and therefore is seen by commentators as ‘godless’. It also dismisses names and forms as unreal and a sign of ignorance. In a conversation between Janaka and Ashtavakra, pertaining to the deformity of his crooked body, Ashtavakra explains that the size of a Temple is not affected by how it is shaped, and the shape of his own body does not affect himself (or Atman). The ignorant man’s vision is shrouded by names and forms but a wise man sees only himself. Major learning’s are: “You are really unbound and action-less, self-illuminating and spotless already. The cause of your bondage is that you are still resorting to stilling the mind. You are unconditioned and changeless, formless and immovable, unfathomable awareness, imperturbable- such consciousness is un-clinging. You are not bound by anything. What does a pure person like you need to renounce? Putting the complex organism to rest, you can go to your rest.”
Jambavan in his previous life was the King of the Himalayas who had incarnated as a bear in order to serve Lord Rama. He received a boon from Lord Rama that he would have a long life, and have the strength of ten million lions. In the epic Ramayana, Jambavantha helped Rama find His wife Sita and fight her abductor, Ravana.
It is Jambavan who makes Hanuman realize his immense capabilities and encourages Him to fly across the ocean to search for Sita in Lanka.