All posts in Stories of Indra in Mahabharata

Story of previous birth of Revati (Balarama’s wife) as Jyotishmati

The Garga Samhita narrates the previous birth of Revati as Jyotishmati, the daughter of King Chakshush Manu, who ruled over the Earth. The king performed a special fire sacrifice, out of which a divine lady was born to him as his daughter, Jyotishmati. Upon asked by her father, she said, she would like to marry the mightiest of all. The god Indra (lord of clouds and rain) informed the king that the wind Vayu was powerful than him. Vayu directed Manu to Parvat (the mountain), who said the earth-god Bhumandal was more powerful than him. Ultimately, the earth said that Shesha, the serpent who carries the earth and the worlds on his hoods, is the most powerful; Balarama would be Shesha’s most powerful form. Jyotishmati went to Vindhya mountains and performed tapas (austerities) to marry Balarama. Numerous deities tried to dissuade her and win her over as wife, however she cursed all of them. In counter-curse, Indra cursed Jyotishmati that she would not have sons. Finally, Brahma pleased with her penance blessed her that she would marry Balarama, but warned that he would be born 27 yugas (eons) later. An enraged Jyotishmati threatened to curse Brahma too. He pacified her by giving her another boon that she would be born as Revati, daughter of King Kakudmi, whose actions would lead to the 27 eons passing in a jiffy.

Story as what happens to Duryodhana after he dies

According to the Mahabharata, after entering the svarga with a human body on Indra’s invitation, Yudhishthira witnessed that Duryodhana “was seated on a beautiful throne and he shone with the splendour of the sun and around him stood in attendance the goddess of heroism and other angels.” Yudhishthira found this insufferable and reminded the dwellers of svarga about his sinful deeds. Following that, Narada smiled at Yudhishthira and said that “the brave Duryodhana had attained his present state by force of kshatriya dharma.” The Mahabharata further mentions that in svarga, Duryodhana and his brothers “attained the state of the gods.”

Story when Duryodhana and Karna aim to become Emperor of the world and does Digvijaya Yatra & Vaishnava yagna

Karna took up the task of establishing Duryodhana as the Emperor of the world. Karna embarks upon a worldwide military campaign, otherwise called Digvijaya Yatra. Bringing tribute and allegiance from all the world’s kings, Karna helped Duryodhana to perform the Vaishnava yagna to please Vishnu and crown Duryodhana as “Emperor of the World”, as Yudhishthira did with the Rajasuya Yagna. No person in the entire universe, except Lord Vishnu, had performed this Vaishnava sacrifice. Duryodhana thus became the most powerful and the wealthiest man in the world. With the help of Karna, Duryodhana even made plans and preparations to conquer Indra, the lord of the heavens and the father of Arjuna in order to become the sovereign ruler of both heaven and earth.

Story as how Ghatotkacha was killed by Karna with divine weapon called Vasavi Shakti

In the Mahabharata, Ghatotkacha was summoned by Bhima to fight on the Pandava side in the Kurukshetra battle. Invoking his magical powers, he wrought great havoc in the Kaurava army. In particular, after the death of Jayadratha on the fourteenth day of battle, when the battle continued on past sunset, his powers were at their most effective. At this point in the battle, the Kaurava leader Duryodhana appealed to Karna, to kill Ghatotkacha as the whole Kaurava army was coming close to annihilation due to Ghatotkacha’s attacks. Karna possessed a divine weapon called the Vasavi Shakti, granted by the god Indra. Only able to use it once, Karna had been saving it for his battle with his rival, Arjuna. Unable to refuse Duryodhana, Karna discharged the weapon against Ghatotkacha, killing him. It is said that when Ghatotkacha realized that he was going to die, that he assumed a gigantic size. When the huge body fell, it crushed one akshauhini of the Kaurava army. After his death Krishna was glad Karna no longer had Vasavi Sakthi to use against Arjuna.

Story when Devavrata (Bhishma)’s mother Ganga helped Devavrata get trained from many eminent sages

After Devavrata (Bhishma) was born, his mother Ganga took him to different realms, where he was brought up and trained by many eminent sages. It included Brihaspati: The son of Angiras and the preceptor of the Devas taught Devavrata the duties of kings (Dandaneeti), or political science and other Shastras. Shukracharya: The son of Bhrigu and the preceptor of the Asuras also taught Devavrata in political science and other branches of knowledge. Vashishtha, the Brahmarshi and Chyavana, the son of Bhrigu taught the Vedangas and other holy scriptures to Devavrata who mastered the Vedas. Sanatkumara: The eldest son of Lord Brahma, taught Devavrata the mental and spiritual sciences, also called the Ânvîkshiki. Markandeya: The immortal son of Mrikandu of Bhrigu’s race who acquired everlasting youth from Lord Shiva taught Devavrata in the duties of Brahmanas. Parashurama: The son of Jamadagni of Bhrigu’s race. Parashurama trained Bhishma in warfare. Indra: It is mentioned by Vyasa that Bhishma also acquired celestial weapons from Indra as well as from other devas. The Holy Trinity: It is said that Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva had also taught him. Making him the wisest man as well as an unconquerable warrior.

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