Chitrasena, a character in the Indian epic Mahabharata, was a Gandharva king who taught song and dance to Arjuna. He used to reside in Indra’s palace along with his fellow Gandharvas and Apsaras. He also routed the army of Duryodana in a battle that took place before the Kurukshetra War.
Chitrasena was introduced in the epic in the Vana Parva, as a teacher of music by Indra. Indra foresaw that Arjuna would have to spend one year at King Virata’s palace as a eunuch, during which time he would need the knowledge of music and dance. He wanted Arjuna to be trained by the king of the Gandharvas, Chitrasena. Chitrasena began his classes soon and the two also became good friends. When Urvashi cursed Arjuna to remain a eunuch for life, it was Chitrasena along with Indra who mediated with her to reduce the tenure of her curse to a single year. Chitrasena was able to achieve this by narrating to her the story of the Pandavas and the bravery of Arjuna.
Duryodhana accompanied by Karna, after consuming a lot of alcohol, ventured into the Dwaitavana. They reached the forest and were taken in by its splendour. Duryodhana planned to swim in the beautiful lakes of the forest. But Chitrasena was already camping there along with his fellow Gandharvas. Duryodhana was disappointed when Chitrasena denied him an entry into the beautiful lakes of the Dwaitavana. He tried to ransom them. But after repeated denial a drunk Duryodhan showed off his wealth and insulted the Gandharvas. Eventually, Chitrasena made Duryodhana and Karna his prisoners. The two warriors being drunk were easily captured. Some soldiers went to the place where the Pandavas were residing and requested them to free Duryodhana. Yudhishthira ordered his brother [Arjuna] to save Duryodhan. On his request, Chitrasena released Duryodhana. Arjuna also introduced Chitrasena as his dance teacher to his brothers. Duryodhana was so embarrassed by this incident that he wanted to commit suicide, but was stopped by Karna who swore not to touch alcohol and meat until he defeats all of the enemies of Hastinapur in his Vijaya yatra.
Chitrangada, in the Hindu epic Mahabharata, is one of Arjuna’s wives. Arjuna travelled the length and breadth of India during his term of exile. His wanderings took him to ancient Manipur, an almost mystic kingdom renowned for its natural beauty. There, he met Chitrangada, the daughter of the king of Manipur, and moved to her father Chitrabahana to seek her hand in marriage. Her father demurred on the plea that, according to the customs of his people, the children born of Chitrangada would be heirs to Manipur and he could not allow his heirs to be taken away from Manipur. Arjuna agreed to the stipulation that he would take away neither his wife Chitrangada nor any children born by her from Manipur and wed the princess on these premises. A son, whom they named Babruvahana, was born to them.
In Hindu mythology, Dhenuka, also known as Dhenukasura, was an asura (demon) killed by Balarama, the elder brother of Krishna. The Harivamsa states that Dhenuka with his host of attendant demons, all in the form of donkeys, as ruled over a forest of tala or palms trees, situated on the banks of the Yamuna River, north of mount Govardhana. Once, Balarama, Krishna and cowherds wandered into this forest, captivated by the fragrance of the fruits of the palm trees. When Krishna commented on the possible sweet taste of the fruit, Balarama shook the trees and the fruits fell on the ground. A jealous Dhenuka charged at Balarama and bit him and kicked him with his hind legs. Balarama caught hold of Dhenuka’s legs and whirled him towards a tree, shattering his chest, neck and waist as the tree fell with the demon. Balarama killed Dhenuka’s demon attendants and set the forest open for the cowherds.
Chitralekha was a friend of Usha and daughter of minister of Banasura. She was a talented lady who helped Usha to identify the young man seen in the dream of Usha. Usha was daughter of Banasura, a thousand-armed asura and son of Bali. Banasur was a powerful and terrible asura. When Usha became young, number of proposals came for her marriage but Banasur accepted none and kept inside the Agnigarh located in Tezpur, Assam where fire is burning around. Usha one day saw a young man in her dream and fell in love with him. He was Aniruddha, the grandson of Lord Krishna. Chitralekha through supernatural powers abducted Aniruddha from the palace of Krishna and brought him to Usha. When Krishna knew it he came with a huge army and attacked Banasura. There was a severe battle. Banasura had got a powerful boon by Lord Shiva that he will always protect him in any circumstances. When banasura came to know that he will be defeated by the enormous powers of Lord Krishna he asked Lord Shiva to come in battlefield and help him. So unwillingly Shiva helped Banasura by spreading fever causing bacteria in the army of Krishna, which made his army unable to fight. Krishna in turn created anti-bacteria (probably anti-biotics) to kill bacteria spread by Shiva. All soldiers of Krishna’s army got healed and became ready to fight. Later Banasura apologized to Lord Krishna and he was forgiven. Aniruddha was then married to Usha.
The Mahabharata describes Brihadbala as the ruler of Kingdom of Kosala. He was subjugated by Bhima during the Rajasuya sacrifice, and a subsequent conquest by Karna during the latter’s Digvijaya Yatra meant that he sided with the Kauravas during the Kurukshetra War. On the thirteenth day of the war when Abhimanyu, Arjuna’s son, penetrates into the Padmavyuha, Brihadbala fights him along with a host of Kaurava warriors including Drona, Kripa, Karna, Ashwatthama, and Kritavarma. In a fierce duel that ensured between him and Abhimanyu, he gets mortally hit by the latter’s arrows.
Brihadbala is a character in the Indian epic Mahabharata. A descendant of Rama, he belongs to the Ikshvaku dynasty. Born to Vishrutavanta, he was the last king of the Kosala Kingdom. In the Kurukshetra War, Brihadbala fought for the Kauravas and was killed by Abhimanyu.
Bhurishravas was a prince of a minor kingdom in the kingdom of Bahlika and played a role in the Mahabharata epic. Bhurishrava was the grandson of king Balhika, who was the elder brother of Shantanu the king of Hastinapur. Bhurishravas’ father, Somadatta, once clashed with another prince called Sini. When Devaki, the mother of Lord Krishna was still unwed, many princes competed for her hand in marriage including Somadatta and Sini who fought a great battle over her. Sini, fighting on behalf of Vasudeva won the battle. This incident launched a hatred between the Sini and Somadatta families leading to a generational rivalry.
By the time of the Battle of Kurukshetra, Sini’s grandson Satyaki, now a king of the Vrishnis, was allied with the Pandava army while Bhurishravas sided with the Kauravas and was one of the eleven commanders of the Kaurava army. On 5th day of war bhurisravas kills 10 sons of Satyaki. On the 14th day of the battle Bhurishravas was stationed in Dronacharya’s Shakatavyuha (Cart Formation), attempting to stop Arjuna’s from decimating King Jayathratha of Sindh. As Satyaki and Bhima came to support Arjuna, Bhurishravas abandoned his position, and challenged Satyaki. Already tired from navigating the Shakatavyuha, Satyaki began to falter after a long and bloody battle. Their weapons destroyed, the fighting turned to hand-to-hand combat. Bhurishravas pummeled Satyaki and dragged him across the battlefield when he was very tired and injured. Arjuna was alerted to Satyaki’s danger by Lord Krishna. Just as Bhurishravas was preparing to kill Satyaki, Arjuna came to the rescue, shooting an arrow cutting off Bhurishravas’ arm. Bhurishravas wailed that by striking him without a formal challenge, and from behind, Arjuna had disgraced the honor between warriors. Arjuna in turn rebuked Bhurishravas for attempting to kill an unarmed Satyaki – an act also against the rules of war. Arjuna also criticized Bhurishravas for partaking in the immoral the killing of Abhimanyu. At this point, realizing his folly, Bhurishravas laid down his weapons, and sat in the lotus posture to practice yoga. But then Satyaki emerged from his swoon, and before Arjuna could stop him, swiftly decapitated his enemy. The warriors on both sides of the battle universally condemned Satyaki for this act – one of the incidents in the epic showing the superiority of dharma and honor against the uncontrollable power of hatred.Symbolically, as Bhurishravas’ attempt to kill the unarmed Satyaki immediately resulted in his own death in the same manner, Bhurishravas can be seen as representing the binding effects of one’s material actions (karma). Years later, Bhurishravas’s death would be used by Kritavarma to insult Satyaki. In the resulting fight, Satyaki (as well as the remaining Yadavas) perished.