Amitabh Bachchan was born in Allahabad. His father Harivansh Rai Srivastava (Bachchan) was a well-known poet. Bachchan was initially named Inquilaab, inspired by the phrase Inquilab Zindabad popularly used during the Indian independence struggle. However, at the suggestion of fellow poet Sumitranandan Pant, Harivansh Rai changed the boy’s name to Amitabh, which, according to a newspaper article, means “the light that will never die.”. Although his surname was Shrivastava, Amitabh’s father had adopted the pen name Bachchan (“child-like”), under which he published all of his works. It is with this last name that Amitabh debuted in films and for all other practical purposes, Bachchan has become the surname for all of his immediate family.